Carl Gustav Jung used the concept of the “archetype” in his theories on the human psyche. He believed there were 12 main universal characteristics, each containing their own motifs, that existed in the collective unconscious of people all over the world. These common archetypes are divided into three human elements: The Ego, The Soul, and The Self.
Below are the 12 common archetypes that writers continue to use, today, in developing their characters for fiction novels.
The Four Ego Types:
- The Innocent- Motto: We are free to be, you and me.
- The Orphan- Motto: All men and women are created equal.
- The Hero- Motto: Where there’s a will there’s a way.
- The Caregiver- Motto: Love your neighbor as you love yourself.
The Four Soul Types:
- The Explorer- Motto: Don’t fence me in.
- The Rebel- Motto: Rules are made to be broken.
- The Lover- Motto: You’re the only one.
- The Creator- Motto: If you can imagine it, it can be done.
The Four Self Types:
- Jester- Motto: You only live once.
- The Sage- Motto: The truth will set you free.
- The Magician- Motto: I make things happen.
- The Ruler- Motto: Power is the only thing.
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